Offshore Patrol Vessels of Asian Countries Market Report 2015-2016

Global Market Summary. Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) are the fastest growing segment of the Naval Vessels Market.  At least 24 countries are known to have a total of 136 OPVs on order and 30 countries have plans for up to another 276 at a total value of over $60 billion. The total number of OPVs on order has increased by 4% in the last year, while the number planned has also increased by 4%.

The total number of OPVs in operation worldwide has increased from 681 to 776 in the last year, but an additional 49 Chinese and 16 Taiwanese vessels, previously not included, but now classified as OPVs have been added to the total.  Disregarding these additional vessels, the world OPV fleet has actually grown by 4.4% in the last year.

Asia has the largest proportion of the current fleet (44%) and the numbers on order (46%). Japan and India have 50% of the Asian vessels between them, while India alone has 26% of the total vessels on order worldwide.  See the table below showing Asia’s holdings and planned procurement.

The proportion of the total number of OPVs on order worldwide in South America has increased from 13%-15% over the last year, while in Europe, the proportion on order has increased from 8% to 19% of the worldwide total and in North America, from 6% to 15%.

OPVs can be broadly classified into two types: 1) High-end war-fighting vessels with expensive weapon systems and C4I suites and 2) More basic patrol vessels, designed for sustained low intensity missions and equipped with basic gun armaments, standard navigation sensors and built to commercial standards.

Which of these types a country chooses depends on its particular naval requirements, resulting from its geographic location, political aspirations and intended role of its naval force. However, the majority of OPV programs are of the low-cost, multi-role variety. These are being used in an increasing number of roles, including fishery protection, pollution control, firefighting, salvage or search and rescue (SAR), counter-narcotics, humanitarian operations and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) patrol.

Active Programs and Requirements in Asia

  • The Philippines‘ plans to procure 2 offshore patrol craft are included in the 2012- 2016 modernization plan.  A total of 18 OPVs are planned and likely to be operated by the Coast Guard.
  • The Sri Lankan Navy C-in-C stated a requirement for 5-6 OPVs in September 2010, reflecting a need to re-balance fleet capabilities with more emphasis on EEZ surveillance.  A contract for 2 Sankalp class vessels was signed in April 2013.
  • In Thailand, planned are 5 more Krabi Class OPVs, subject to funding.
  • In Vietnam, 6 OPVs are reportedly under construction in local yards for the Coast Guard. In November 2013, the Indian government extended Vietnam credit worth $100 million, to fund procurement of 4 Indian-made OPVs for the Vietnam People’s Navy.
  • In India, 5 new 95-meter OPVs are to be built at Pipavav Shipyard.  There are also plans to acquire up to 16 55-meter ASW patrol ships.  7 OPVs for the Coast Guard were contracted for construction, and delivery to begin in 2018.
  • In South Korea, 6 new OPVs are to be acquired by the Maritime Police. These will include 3 helicopter-capable ships weighing 3,000-tons, and 3 orders of 1,500-ton ships.

Holdings:  Offshore Patrol Vessel Inventories in Asia

  • Bangladesh
    • 1 MADHUMATI CLASS
    • 5 PADMA CLASS
    • 6 ISLAND CLASS
    • 2 KARNAPHULI CLASS
    • 1 HAIZHUI CLASS;
    • 1 OPV possibly planned
  • Brunei
    • 4 DARUSSALAM CLASS
  • China
    • 1 HAIXUN 21 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 HAIXUN 31 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 HAIXUN 11 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 HAIXUN 051 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 HAIXUN 01 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 HAIXUN 022 CLASS (MARITIME SAFETY ADMINISTRATION);
    • 1 TYPE 718 (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 JIANGHU CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 49 OPVs (COAST GUARD)
  • India
    • 3+1 SARYU CLASS;
    • 6 SUKANYA CLASS;
    • 6 SDB MK.5 CLASS;
    • 10 CAR NICOBAR CLASS;
    • 2+6 SANKALP CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2+1 SAMUDRA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 4 SAMAR CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 6 VIKRAM CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 3 VISHWAST CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2+3 RANI ABBAKKA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 7 PRIYADARSHINI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 4 TARA BAI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 7 SAROJINI NAIDU CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 8 RAISHREE CLASS (COAST GUARD); 0+7 OPVs (COAST GUARD);
    • 3+17 AADESH CLASS PATROL SHIPS (COAST GUARD); Delivery scheduled to begin in 2018; one vessel every 6 months; 21 not yet under contract
  • Indonesia
    • 4 KAKAP CLASS;
    • 4 SINGA CLASS;
    • 2 DISASTER RESPONSE SHIPS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 DAMEN 6210 CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 BISMA CLASS (POLICE);
    • 5 NS-395 CLASS (POLICE);
    • New patrol craft are reportedly under construction
  • Japan
    • 2 SHIKISHIMA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 10 SOYA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 IZU CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 MIURA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 KOJIMA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 7 OJIKA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 NOJIMA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 10 SHIRETOKO CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 3 HIDA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 3 ASO CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 9 HATERUMA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2+4 (6) KUNIGAMI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 14 TESHIO CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 TAKATORI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 4 AMAMI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 3 TSURUUGI CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 20+2 TOKARA CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 MIZUHO CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2+4 IWAMI CLASS (COAST GUARD)
  • South Korea
    • 3 MAZINGER CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 6 430 TON CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 SAMBONGHO CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 DAEWOO TYPE (COAST GUARD);
    • 4 BUKHANSAN CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 6 new OPVs to be acquired by Maritime Police
  • Maldives
    • 1 SDB MK5 CLASS (COAST GUARD)
  • Myanmar
    • 2 OSPREY CLASS
  • Pakistan
    • 4 BARKAT CLASS (MARITIME SECURITY AGENCY)
  • Philippines
    • 2 AGUINALDO CLASS;
    • 0+1 82-METER OPV;
    • 4 SAN JUAN CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 2 OPVs in 2012-2016 AFP Modernization Plan, ordered from France in October 2012;
    • 18 not yet under contract
  • Sri Lanka
    • 0+2 SANKALP CLASS;
    • 1 SUKANYA CLASS;
    • 1 RELIANCE CLASS;
    • 1 JAYESAGARA CLASS;
    • 1 VIKRAM CLASS;
    • 5-6 not yet under contract
  • Taiwan
    • 2 HO HSING CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 1 TEH HSING CLASS (COAST GUARD);
    • 16 OPVs (COAST GUARD)
  • Thailand
    • 1 KRABI CLASS;
    • 3 HUA HIN CLASS;
    • 1 VOSPER THORNEYCROFT CLASS (POLICE);
    • 2 HAMELN TYPE (POLICE);
    • 5 not yet under contract
  • Vietnam
    • 1+3 DAMEN 9014 CLASS;
    • 4 TT400TP CLASS (COAST GUARD)

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