Articles by Alberto Encomienda

Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), an Imperative for the Health and Livelihood, and Disaster Resilience for the ASEAN and Central Indo-Pacific Coastal Communities

Introduction: Archipelagic and Maritime Philippines, an ICZM case study and proposition for ASEAN Vision 2025. The ocean management concerns of the Philippines as an archipelagic State encompass its archipelagic and internal waters, territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, and continental shelf (including a possible Extended Continental Shelf). The same situation exists for the two other archipelagic States in the Central Indo-Pacific…



An UNCLOS-based Durable Legal System for Regional Maritime Security and Ocean Governance for the Indo-Pacific Maritime Region (An enhanced maritime awareness agenda for the Maritime Forum)

Introduction The maritime issues under consideration in this article relates to the establishment of a legal order and durable regional ocean governance mechanism addressing non-traditional maritime security concerns, initially concentrated on the South China Sea giving prominence to a narrowed ASEAN-China context, but eventually extrapolated to a large maritime setting that is the seas of the ASEAN and the Central…